MTSS Overview

  • Multi Tiered Systems of Support (MTSS)

    Features of MTSS

    Academic RTI

    • Specific academic assessments and interventions
    • Use of published curricula selected by school or district
    • Use of direct assessment of skills
    • Periodic assessment through benchmarking periods
    • Focus on grade-level teaming
    • Described in IDEA as SPED eligibility determination approach


    • Specific social behavior assessments and interventions
    • Use of free materials that are adapted to fit the school’s context
    • Use of indirect assessment of behavior
    • Continuous assessment of social behavior with existing data sources
    • Focus on school-wide teaming
    • Described in IDEA as school-wide prevention and individual intervention approach


    • Scientifically-based interventions
    • Instruction as prevention
    • Tiered continuum of supports with increasing intensity based on need
    • Regular screening for early intervention
    • Use of a problem-solving model and data-based decision rules
    • Focus on teaming
    • Emphasis on improving quality of implementation
    • Embedded into school improvement plan


    MTSS is a coherent continuum of evidence based, system-wide practices to support a rapid response to academic and behavioral needs, with frequent data-based monitoring for instructional decision-making to empower each student to achieve high standards.