• Life Science - 9th (Non Lab Science—teacher recommendation): This Life Science course is an integral aspect of the Biological Sciences curriculum. It is a sequence of study developed along with the book BSCS Biology: A Human Approach. The class follows an innovative, activity-driven biology program that makes frequent use of human examples in the fundamental concepts being covered. The course is structured to assist in the students' readiness for the lab credit Biology I course offering. Content inquiry emphasis is to explore six unifying principles of biology in living systems: evolution, homeostasis, energy matter and organization, continuity, growth and differentiation, and ecology.

    Earth Science - 9th or 10th (Prerequisites: None): Through a comprehensive plan of instruction students will experience a curriculum that emphasizes analytical thinking, creative inquiry and independent learning all of which are major ingredients for the scientific method. The program aims at preparing the students for life and for the more rigorous science studies. This laboratory course places an 13 emphasis on space science, geological time scale, geology, plate tectonics, sustainability, and weather. *Fee required.

    Oceanography - 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th (Prerequisites: Complete 1 Lab Science)(Alpine Institute Eligible): This course will allow students to study the physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the ocean. Students will study exploration of the ocean from Polynesians to deep sea submersibles. They will explore the formation of the ocean basins, waves and tides, currents, weather and pollution, coral reef systems, estuaries, and much more! The spectrum of ocean life and lifestyle zones of the ocean will be studied and examined through lab activities and dissections of marine organisms. Critical analysis of coastal and oceanic degradation will be studied in marine ecology, along with the impact of humans on the marine environment and the effects of those impacts. *Fee required.

    Biology IL - 9th and 10th (Prerequisites: Algebra I): This is an introductory course in Biology in which the emphasis is placed on the student learning problem-solving methods through inquiry and laboratory activities. Topics studied include taxonomy, cell anatomy and physiology, genetics, systems, ecology, and evolution. *Fee required.

    Pre AP Biology I - 9th and 10th (Prerequisites: Algebra I and Teacher Recommendation)(Alpine Institute Eligible): This is an introductory course in biology for highly motivated students. Students engage in inquiry-style labs in which they define a testable question, design a plan for collecting data, and determine how to analyze and represent data. Students learn to justify claims using scientific evidence and connect knowledge of phenomena and models across domains. Topics of inquiry include an emphasis on exploration of evolution, energy, information transmission (DNA & genes), and interactions between biological systems. *Fee required.

    Chemistry- 10th, 11th, and 12th (Prerequisites: Algebra I and Biology I): Chemistry is a laboratory science course designed to explore matter and composition of the world. The major instructional areas are: identifying consistencies in experimental data, structure of matter as a key to chemical and physical properties, the mole concept, energy changes in matter, conservation of energy, equilibrium systems and stoichiometric relationships. Laboratory work and scientific method are emphasized. The course is designed to give students a practical foundation for everyday applications of chemistry and skills necessary for further growth in science and related fields. *Fee required.

    Pre –AP Chemistry - 10th (Prerequisites: Geometry and Teacher Recommendation) (Alpine Institute Eligible): This is a laboratory course designed for the highly motivated college-bound student looking to deepen their knowledge in the sciences. This course will cover an in-depth curriculum including: atomic and molecular structure, chemical reactions, structure and states of matter, solutions, rates of chemical reactions, acids and bases, oxidation and reduction. Opportunities to experience these concepts will come through a variety of learning techniques, such as laboratory experiments, problem solving, lectures, and film. The curriculum will also 14 include a research component (must be approved by the instructor) at a level of achievement equal to that of a student in an honors program. *Fee required.

    AP Chemistry (offered alternating years—not in 2017-2018) - 11th and 12th (Prerequisites: Algebra II, Pre-AP Chemistry and Teacher Recommendation): The AP Chemistry course is designed to be the equivalent of the general chemistry course usually taken during the first college year. The AP Chemistry course is designed to be taken only after the successful completion of a first course in Pre-AP chemistry. Topics include atomic theory and atomic structure, chemical bonding, molecular models, behavior of gases, solutions, and solids, chemical reactivity and stoichiometry, chemical kinetics, thermodynamics, and dynamic equilibrium. Approximately 25% of the course is dedicated to laboratory experiments. *Fee required.

    Astronomy- 11th and 12th (Prerequisites: Algebra I and 1 lab science): “You are stardust, you are golden!” What does this mean? In the first semester, learn about the scale of our solar system, the constellations, the moon, the planets, and our sun. In the second semester, the topics include examining how astronomers know the distance and composition of stars, the Milky Way Galaxy, the Local Group of Galaxies, how stars are born, and stellar evolution. The death of stars in supernovae or black holes comes next, and the course is finished with searching for possible life on other worlds. This course is both informational and mathematical, with a required nighttime observation and a field trip to Lowell Observatory. Dual Enrollment Eligible. *Fee required.

    Physics- 11th and 12th (Prerequisites: Algebra II): Physics is the fundamental science dealing with changes in forms of energy. The focus of this continuation content course is to discover and understand the underlying rules that govern the world around us, and then apply those rules to real-life situations. Students will learn about the fundamentals of motion, force, mechanical energy, thermodynamics, electricity, circuits, sound, and more. Opportunities to experience these concepts will come through a variety of learning techniques, such as laboratory experiments, problem solving, lectures and film. *Fee required.

    Anatomy and Physiology- 12th (Prerequisite: Biology and 3 lab science classes): This course emphasizes the study of the structure and functions of organs of the human body, but will also include some comparative study of other organisms to investigate how their anatomy/physiology is adapted to function in their habitats. It is designed for students who are interested in pursuing careers in the health sciences. This class uses lecture and daily activities, along with select dissections to study the structure and function of the human body. *Fee required.

    AP Physics I - 11th and 12th (Prerequisites: Algebra II, 3 lab sciences and teacher recommendation.): This lab-based yearlong course is a rigorous, college level study of motion, static and dynamic mechanics, circular motion, gravitation, work, and energy. There is a strong emphasis on laboratory experimentation and mathematical computation. Students may register for credit through Coconino Community College and/or take the AP Physics 1 exam in May. Dual enrollment eligible.*Fee required.

    AP Environmental - 11th and 12th (Prerequisite: Algebra II, Biology I, Chemistry and Teacher Recommendation) (Alpine Institute Eligible): This course is designed to provide students with opportunities to gain knowledge and skills necessary to understand ecological relationships, environmental problems, and the related societal implications. As an Advanced Placement class, the course is designed to be the equivalent of a one-semester introductory college course in environmental science. Emphasis will be placed on environmental technology, oral and written communication, and preparation for the AP Environmental Science Exam. This is a rigorous science course that is recommended only for students with a superior academic record. *Fee required.

    AP Biology - 11th and 12th (Prerequisites: Algebra II/MA 70, Biology I/ SC 60, Chemistry/SC 70 and Teacher Recommendation): This AP course is comparable to a two semester college introductory biology course. The design of this course places an emphasis on enduring conceptual understandings (as outlined by the 2012 College Board curriculum framework for biology) within the four big ideas (evolution, energy, information, and interactions). Inquiry-style labs will allow students to define and explore a testable question, design a plan for collecting data, and determine how to analyze and represent data. Students are engaged in laboratory investigations at least 25 percent of the instructional time. The laboratory experiences in this course include: physical manipulation of real materials, simulations, models, and interaction with real data (photographs, computer programs, databases, and remote sensing tools). Dual Enrollment Eligible. *Fee required.